Caymanas tipsCAYMANAS TRACK LIMITED TIPSTERS’ COMPETITION Racedate : 26/09/2015DIAMOND DIAMOND DREAM ADMIRAL DIAMONDST BERNARD JODY’S LODGE ST BERNARD ST BERNARDDREAMLINER DREAMLINER #DREAMLINER DREAMLINERMISS ADDI MARIA’S GLORY LITTLE RHEA #TRACKING DANIELFIFTYONESTORM BLUE EYE BOY BLUE EYE BOY BLUE EYE BOY#TEISHA’S DREAM #NO PAIN NO GAIN TEISHA’S DREAM TEISHA’S DREAMDRIPPING IN GOLD DRIPPING IN GOLD BRAWN DRIPPING IN GOLDPERSIAN BELLE COLD GROUND COLD GROUND COLD GROUND#PERFECT NEIGHBOUR PERFECT NEIGHBOUR #PERFECT NEIGHBOUR PERFECT NEIGHBOURINFANTRY OFFICER #SMOKIN MAN RULES OF THE CAT #INFANTRY OFFICER#DIAMOND DIAMOND #DIAMOND DIAMONDST BERNARD ST BERNARD JODY’S LODGE ST BERNARDDREAMLINER #DREAMLINER #DREAMLINER DREAMLINERMARIA’S GLORY MISS ADDI MISS ADDI MISS ADDIBLUE EYE BOY BLUE EYE BOY BLUE EYE BOY BLUE EYE BOYALL FOR THE GLORY TEISHA’S DREAM TEISHA’S DREAM TEISHA’S DREAMDRIPPING IN GOLD DRIPPING IN GOLD DRIPPING IN GOLD BRAWNCOLD GROUND COLD GROUND OUR CREATION #OUR CREATION#PERFECT NEIGHBOUR PERFECT NEIGHBOUR PERFECT NEIGHBOUR #PERFECT NEIGHBOURINFANTRY OFFICER SMOKIN MAN SIR D SMOKIN MAN#DIAMOND DIAMOND SNEAK PEAK DIAMONDST BERNARD EL CLIENTE ST BERNARD ST BERNARDDREAMLINER DREAMLINER DREAMLINER DREAMLINERLITTLE RHEA MISS ADDI MISS ADDI #MARIA’S GLORYKABRINA BLUE EYE BOY BLUE EYE BOY BLUE EYE BOYTEISHA’S DREAM TEISHA’S DREAM #LUCKYBEGOOD TEISHA’S DREAM#JENNANDROSESGIRL DRIPPING IN GOLD JENNANDROSESGIRL #DRIPPING IN GOLDUNBREAKABLE #BATIDOR DE MUNDO COLD GROUND UNBREAKABLEPERFECT NEIGHBOUR #PERFECT NEIGHBOUR TYPEWRITER PERFECT NEIGHBOURSIR D INFANTRY OFFICER #PAPER N LACE SMOKIN MAN#DIAMOND DIAMONDST BERNARD #ST. BERNARD#DREAMLINER DREAMLINERMARIA’S GLORY #MISS ADDIFIFTYONESTORM BLUE EYE BOYTEISHA’S DREAM TEISHA’S DREAMJENNANDROSESGIRL JENNANDROSESGIRLUNBREAKABLE COLD GROUNDTYPEWRITER PERFECT NEIGHBOURINFANTRY OFFICER INFANTRY OFFICER
OTTAWA — Senators owner Eugene Melnyk is suing his business partner in a development deal that was meant to bring a new NHL arena to Ottawa’s downtown.Capital Sports Management Inc., a group controlled by Melnyk, said in a release Friday that it has started legal proceedings against John Ruddy, the chair of Trinity Development Group Inc., “seeking damages arising out of a failed joint venture between Trinity and CSMI.”The statement alleges the two companies were not able to finalize a master development agreement for the LeBreton Flats area of Ottawa, a couple of blocks southwest of Parliament Hill.CSMI says its statement of claim “alleges a number of breaches, all arising out of a conflict of interest, that directly resulted in the failure of the partnership.”The statement of claim was filed a day after the National Capital Commission, the Crown corporation which is responsible for the land at LeBreton Flats, said the Senators-backed RendezVous LeBreton Group advised the NCC on Nov. 8 that they had not been able to resolve internal partnership issues.The NCC picked RendezVous for a development deal at LeBreton Flats that included a new NHL arena for the Senators as well as housing developments.The Senators currently play at the Canadian Tire Centre in Kanata, about 22 kilometres west of Ottawa’s downtown.The Canadian Press
Soumya Shankar Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment. By: Soumya Shankar peepsqueek says: News • Photos of the Week February 21, 2019 at 5:01 pm I really don’t like the words “gender confused”. I know this is not your intention, but it’s a Christianist term which simply displays christianist ignorance and the inability to understand that not everyone falls into the nice neat categories of “conservative”. “Christian” “Theology”– multiple quote intentional. February 20, 2019 at 5:39 pm Yes, the term is recent. My area of interest was the plains Indians. The gays and transvestites were called Winkte. They were left alone. In some groups they were thought to have spiritual powers. The point, which so I guess is wasted, is that not all cultures had a problem with homosexuality. That, of course, makes no difference to you as the Bible lays out your positions. News In Detroit, one organization is schooling Muslims on racial justice I’ve heard that bandied about, usually by phobes. Thankfully it’s still considered part of canonical scripture. Share This! February 20, 2019 at 4:47 pm News Anti-extremism program won’t stop hate, say Muslims who’ve seen its flaws August 30, 2019 two spirit idea is baloney Jim. I grew up with indians and never heard of it – it is another lie of the homosexual agenda All Native Americans have the same traditions? Because you grew up around a certain tribe or two means that you know about how all tribes feel?Actually you are correct that the two-spirit designation is recent. LGBTQ Native Americans chose it for themselves as an embodiment of their diverse tribal same sex traditions. February 23, 2019 at 2:37 pm “India is one of the few places in the world where transgenderism has an honored history. In the ancient war epic Mahabharata, Shikhandi, the woman-turned-man, commandeered a legion of transgender people to defeat the unconquerable warrior, Bhishma. Another epic, Ramayana, tells how the the hijras waited for 14 years for Lord Rama to return from exile. In return, he endowed hijras with the powers to both bless and curse, elevating them to demigods.”Did they get that from Wikipedia? February 21, 2019 at 9:30 pm The story of the “adultrous woman” doesn’t appear in the oldest manuscripts of John. Share This! February 20, 2019 at 10:14 pm Sandi in EL says: February 23, 2019 at 12:37 pm peepsqueek says: David Allen says: February 22, 2019 at 8:01 pm Sandi in EL says: None of the heads of the akharas quoted a doctrine for, or against, transgenders. One more data point that the Indian traditions are not religions. February 21, 2019 at 9:46 am In what part of the Bible did he every say that except to an adulterous woman? Please be specific Share This! By: Soumya Shankar February 21, 2019 at 8:30 am Sandi in EL says: Share This! Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Soumya Shankar,16 Comments Click here to post a comment February 23, 2019 at 3:49 pm repent and sin no more Jim Johnson says: Elagabalus says: Instagram apostasy stirs controversy over Christian ‘influencers’ August 30, 2019 What would Jesus have said?? Photos of the Week August 30, 2019 Sandi in EL says: By: Soumya Shankar Share This! I am not a Christian and I do not want to hurt anyone that is suffering with gender identity issues. Tagsakharas Ayodhya Hinduism India Kumbh Mela Laxmi Narayan Tripathi LGBT LGBTQ Ram temple Top Story transgender issues,You may also like February 21, 2019 at 10:06 pm Many cultures have no problem with gays and transgenders. In Native America, many tribes held them in high esteem, the two-spirits. I guess they were unfortunate in not having scriptures to tell them they were wrong, eh? No. It has been made up by the homosexual agenda to incorporate others. Nothing more; nothing less than another lie from them Ananth Sethuraman says: February 21, 2019 at 9:20 am David Allen says: peepsqueek says: peepsqueek says: Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Who knows, as it is mostly fantasy and fiction and second hand re-writes of original. And besides, none of that is important or relevant in unnecessarily shaming the gender confused. Not in my culture they were not. This is entirely a manufacture of the gay activists.,Ahead of St. Louis meeting, one United Methodist offers prayers along the way Ben in Oakland says: February 23, 2019 at 7:43 am Jim Johnson says: Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email,About the authorView All Posts February 20, 2019 at 3:47 pm Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Sandi in EL says: Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email,PRAYAGRAJ, India (RNS) — On a warm January evening, sadhus and devotees surrounded Laxmi Narayan Tripathi, the former reality TV star, jostling to get a selfie with her. She obliged them one by one, posing with hands gracefully folded into a namaskar.In this northern Indian city historically known as Allahabad, it is the festival of Kumbh Mela, when millions of Hindus come to take a dip at the confluence of the three holy rivers — Ganges, Yamuna and the Saraswati, the latter long dried up and known only in myth — and to catch a glimpse of the holy men and women who camp at the weekslong festival.Tripathi, 40, now a transgender activist and founder of the first monastic order of transgender people in Hinduism, made her splashing debut earlier in the day with a dip the Indian media covered as if it were a movie premiere.Outside the tent where Tripathi was receiving her followers, the crowd became impatient, but she beckoned to those swarming the entrance, giving out generous hugs, a pat on the head or a little slap of adoration on the cheek, keeping order by dispensing blessings.Mahant Pavitra Nimbhorkar, right, a leader of the Kinnar Akhara, greets visitors in Prayagraj, India, on Feb. 8, 2019, during Kumbh Mela. RNS photo by Shantanu SahaThat evening, after the long lines had dissipated, Tripathi removed her ceremonial makeup and discussed her transformation from television personality to activist to a religious leader. “Effeminate and sickly” as a child in a family of Brahmins, the highest priestly caste, she grew up in the west Indian state of Maharashtra. In addition to being different from an early age, Tripathi was abused sexually as a child.A dancer and choreographer, Tripathi embarked on a career that ranged from music videos to Mumbai’s infamously seedy dance bars. For years she battled with being called gay for her innate femininity, until she met prominent members of Mumbai’s hijra community — as trans people are referred to here — and aligned with her true identity. In 2011, she became a household name while starring in the Indian version of “Big Brother.”India is one of the few places in the world where transgenderism has an honored history. In the ancient war epic Mahabharata, Shikhandi, the woman-turned-man, commandeered a legion of transgender people to defeat the unconquerable warrior, Bhishma. Another epic, Ramayana, tells how the the hijras waited for 14 years for Lord Rama to return from exile. In return, he endowed hijras with the powers to both bless and curse, elevating them to demigods.It was the 19th-century British colonizers who laid the foundation for the systematic oppression of trans people, criminalizing them and classifying homosexuality as “against the order of nature.”The colonial legacy has reduced India’s trans people to lives of misery and estrangement from the mainstream. “Hijra” has become a derogatory term, often referring to the trans sex workers who beg and offer their services at traffic lights in major cities. But hijras also retain a sacred function, blessing marriages and newborns.Beginning in the 1990s, when the AIDS epidemic hit India and decimated the trans community, Tripathi set out into the world of activism, creating a new platform for hijras to address their peculiar status.In 2008, she became the first transgender person from Asia Pacific to speak about AIDS awareness at the United Nations.Kinnar Akhara members bless commoners as they make their way to take their first holy dip at Sangam. RNS photo by Soumya ShankarHer court petition, along with those of many other activists, led to the 2014 landmark ruling by the Supreme Court of India legally establishing a “third gender.” In September 2018, the Supreme Court abolished Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code that criminalized homosexuality.It was about this time that Tripathi began to challenge the underlying stigmas against hijras, merging her activism with a challenge to Hinduism, which had long since disengaged with transgender and other sexual minorities. “Religion is the one avenue that connects with the masses and fills the gap that activism cannot,” she said. “Activists in the LGBTQ community are only connected with only a certain group of people in their own community. It’s an echo chamber.”The founding of Kinnar Akhara, the trans monastic order, is Tripathi’s way of both breaking out of activism’s limits and changing religious attitudes toward her community.Adi Shankara, the eighth-century scholar and philosopher, is credited with establishing the first Hindu monastic order. The akharas, or “armies” of holy sages — sadhus — safeguard the tenets of the Hindu way of life. Over time, the system branched out into the 13 present-day akharas, dominated almost entirely by men.In 2015, right before the Kumbh Mela in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, Tripathi said she had a transformative experience after visiting the Mahakaleshwar temple. She began rallying transgender people from across 22 Indian states and sought their support in establishing a monastic order of their own — the Kinnar Akhara.“The night I went to Mahakala, I fell in love with him. He’s the hottest thing I’ve ever seen in my life. My lord is so sexy, so beautiful,” she said.Tripathi’s proclamation of a 14th akhara at the Ujjain Kumbh of trans people defies both authority and conventionality, rattling many conservatives.“They (the kinnars) were never an akhara and never will be,” said Mahant Narendra Giri, president of the Akhil Bharatiya Akhara Parishad, the supreme administrative body of the 13 akharas, whose clout is not only religious but political. “They won’t be able to sustain the monastic order. Their way of life is different than ours.”Tripathi remains unfazed. “We have started the journey to reclaim our lost lineage and heritage. Why are they so worried about us?” she said.Artists design a symbol ahead of a Kinnar art fair during Kumbh Mela in Prayagraj, India. RNS photo by Soumya ShankarThe elders of Juna Akhara, the first and oldest of the monastic orders, have helped her cause by welcoming Tripathi and her followers to take the ceremonial dip this year under their aegis. “Juna Akhara had enough manhood to accept femininity and walk with it,” Tripathi said.“In Juna Akhara there is a new consensus and consciousness. We believe in everybody’s rights, dignity, individuality and sensitivities,” said Avadheshananda Giri Maharaj, chief saint of Juna. “This is the age of equality, and dharma (the religious way of life) is an ocean where all streams should converge, and differences should evaporate.”As head of his ancient institution, the Maharaj has been opening the akhara’s doors to many oppressed communities, taking on the challenging task of steering the ancient order of monks and godmen into the 21st century.He recently appointed Dalits (formerly the “untouchable” caste) to positions of authority within the order. He is determined to help restore the dignity of the trans community as well. “They need that sensitivity and care which they have been deprived of,” he said, of the Kinnar Akhara.Attracting attention from the nation at large while mobilizing the Indian trans community, Tripathi is part political leader, part patron saint and goddess.People take selfies with members of Kinnar Akhara, standing, the trans monastic order, while working on art in Prayagraj, India, on Feb. 11, 2019, during Kumbh Mela. RNS photo by Shantanu SahaIn the West, said Antoinette DeNapoli, associate professor of religion at Texas Christian University, “many trans groups, feminists and LBGQT are striving to change religious cultures of shaming and more in the Abrahamic traditions. And it seems that India is setting a precedent particularly with religious patriarchal institutions.”With national elections coming this spring, Tripathi has jumped into one of the most polarizing political debates in Indian politics, the proposed construction of a Hindu temple on the site of a 16th-century Mughal mosque in Ayodhya, also held to be the birthplace of the god Ram. For years, the Ram Temple issue has caused Hindu-Muslim clashes.In November, Tripathi said that her akhara fully supports this cause, drawing censure from other transgender activists who claimed she was appeasing right-wing Hindu politicians and fueling division.“I have nothing to do with any political party. I feel that where my lord was born, his temple should be there. It’s common sense,” Tripathi said. February 21, 2019 at 2:01 pm
This year’s International Drama Festival highlights the various faces of Indian theatre and brings to the Capital 71 performances by renowned theatre groups from different parts of India and the world on same platform. It’s going to be a treat for the theatre aficionados in the city .This year, theatre groups from 17 states, representing all the four regions of the nation – East, West, North South will stage their performances on this international platform. Even countries like Sri Lanka, Japan, Israel, China, Poland and Germany which are steeped in theatre culture, brings in seven performances in this year. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The inauguration will take place on Saturday, 4 January at Kamini auditorium which will be followed by play Chhaya Shakuntalam directed by KN Panikkar.Over the 15 days various venues will host various plays like, on Sunday, Sri Ram Centre will host Pampa Bharata written by KY Narayanaswamy, directed by Pramod and will be staged by Shiggaon Samudaya from Karnataka.Those Who Could Not Hear The Music, written and directed by Vikram Iyengar, will be staged at LTG. At Bahumukh one can see Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe Woman Who Didn’t Want To Come Down To Earth performed by Physical Theatre, Israel. A folk performances will be given in the Open Lawns by Bastar Band from Chattisgarh. At Kamani auditorium play titled Anji will be presented by Ank Theatre, Mumbai. Bengali play Urubhangam written and directed by Manish Mitra will be staged at Abhimanch.On Monday SRC will host play Imaan Imaan Paani written and directed by Mrinal Jyoti Goswami and will be staged by Bhaxa Xahityo Xonmiloni from Assam. LTG will host Purushasukta play by Abhijnana Theatre Research Foundation. Kamani auditorium will host Alka written by Manoj Mitra directed by Uma Jhunjhunwala and Abhimanch will witness Nautanki by Brij Kala Sansthan, Uttar Pradesh.On Tuesday, Life-In- Progress will be staged at SRC directed by Anurupa Roy and to be staged by The Katkatha Puppet Arts. LTG will host Sindu Kirilli by Red Wings Theatre Group from Sri Lanka. A non-verbal play Maya II will be presented by SACH (Sharma Art & Craft House) at the Open Lawn.Kamani will host Nihsanga Samrat, a Bengali play, and Abhimanch will host a play called Utsushi which will be presented by group from Japan Sankai Juku.Wednesday will witness Jahajin by Raaga Repertory, Patna at SRC, Pandavani by group Satyam Pandavani Party from Chattisgarh, Agnipatha directed by B Jayashree performances will be given by Natana Rangamantapa, from Karnataka and Trojan Women by Sri Lankan group Trikone Cultural Foundation.Thursday will start with Museum…Of Species In Danger by Agashe Being Association at Sammukh and Bahumukh will stage Ripples by Delhi based group Desaksi. Other performances will be Koi Baat Chale at SRC by Theatre Wala, Mumbai, Bhand Pather (Raaze Pather) by Dilkash Folk Theatre from Kashmir.Over the weekend SRC will stage Taoos Chaman Ki Myna by Gillo Theatre Repertory, Mumbai on Friday and Marathi play Ringan by Lalit Kala Kendra, Pune. Kamani audiotorium will host Gosain Pather by Kashmir Bhagat Theatre and Saudagar by Rang Vidushak, Bhopal on Friday and Saturday respectively.When: 4-15 January
Kolkata: A Delhi court on Wednesday rejected a criminal defamation complaint filed by BJP leader Mukul Roy against Abhishek Banerjee, the nephew of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, saying the statement referred to as defamatory were not made by the respondent. Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate Samar Vishal dismissed the complaint of Roy, a former Railway minister, who had alleged that he was defamed by Banerjee, a Trinamool Congress MP, through various means which included a legal notice and a tweet. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsRoy was earlier a member of Trinamool Congress but later joined BJP, while Banerjee is a Member of Parliament (MP) of the TMC.”It is clear that the statement referred to by the complainant as defamatory are actually not made by the respondent. Therefore, there is no ground to proceed against the respondent in the present case. Accordingly, the complaint is dismissed,” the court said.The court rejected Roy’s contention that the legal notice sent to him by Banerjee was defamatory, noting that it nowhere showed it contained defamatory terms. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killed”I am unable to understand how serving a legal notice can be said to be defamatory in the absence of any defamatory remarks in that legal notice,” the judge said.The court dismissed Roy’s allegations of defamation based on a ‘tweet’, saying it was not made by Banerjee.It also rejected Roy’s statement that he was allegedly defamed as he was called a ‘traitor’, saying it was clearly not made by Banerjee.According to the complaint, the accused had sent a notice to Roy on November 13 last year, using “defamatory statement” in it by putting words in his mouth. The same was circulated to the media the same day which was widely covered. “The accused intentionally got the aforesaid notice served at the unit office of BJP at Kolkata, so as to tarnish the image of the complainant before his newly joined party, namely BJP, and to lower the morale of his supporters and party workers,” Roy’s complaint, filed by advocate Savinder Singh, said.The notice was sent to Roy after he had reportedly made certain public remarks about Biswa Bangla Marketing Corporation and TMC leader Abhishek Banerjee.The notice sent by Abhishek’s advocate claimed that on November 10, Roy in a public rally had made certain defamatory, malicious, and false statements against Banerjee.”Roy had deliberately levied various baseless allegations which were published, broadcast and circulated by various news organisations, the notice had said. Mukul Roy had quit the TMC and joined the BJP on November 3 last year.The complaint also mentioned a tweet, made by a made by one of the followers of AITMC, which allegedly defamed Roy.
Over the last couple of years digital currencies like bitcoin have captured the imaginations of everyone from investors to business owners. And, thanks to advocacy groups and more than the 100,000 businesses who accept bitcoin, we can expect even more awareness and acceptance of digital currencies.But, you can’t discuss these digital currencies without mentioning the blockchain.If you’re new to the blockchain, it’s simply “a public ledger, shared between many different parties, in which anonymous transactions are recorded.” In other words, it’s strictly person-to-person. This means that banks, financial institutions or government bodies aren’t involved in the transfer of funds — which also means that money can be transferred faster and cheaper. Additionally, because digital currencies are data and not actually physical coins or currency, they can’t be altered, erased or tampered. That means that there’s less risk involved when sending or receiving payments.In fact, as Alex Tapscott points out in the Harvard Business Review, “blockchain may enable incumbents such as JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup and Credit Suisse, all of which are currently investing in the technology, to do more with less, streamline their businesses and reduce risk in the process.”Besides financial transactions, businesses are also using blockchain technology for creating and signing “smart contracts,” proving ownership of intellectual property and offering coupons to customers.But, let’s go back to one of the most well-known and earliest benefits of the blockchain: payments.No more transaction fees.Whenever you accept credit or debit card payments you’re going to have to pay transaction fees. Those transaction fees, which are usually around 2 to 3 percent, probably don’t impact enterprise level businesses. For small businesses, however, those fees can add-up quickly and do some damage to your cash flow.The blockchain can reduce, if not eliminate, those fees. Yes. You read that correctly. In most cases, blockchain transactions rarely go above 1 percent. That’s because you’ve cut out the middlemen, aka banks and payment processors, who are trying to make a profit as well by charging you to process a payment.Transactions can be processed immediately.To be fair, transaction fees can become more manageable. But, not necessarily the speed if the transaction. For example, it takes three to five business days for a cross-border payment to process. Again, that’s because several financial institutions are involved when money is transferred from one account to another. This isn’t just frustrating, it can also slow down your cash flow.Because the blockchain removes those meddling third-parties you could charge a client or customer, grab a cup of coffee and your payment will be ready.In short, blockchain payments like bitcoin move really, really fast.Cross-border payments made easy.This could arguably be the biggest game-changer when it comes to the blockchain and payments since we now live in a global marketplace.As Carlo R.W. De Meijer writes in Finextra:“Blockchain could be particularly helpful for transacting cross border. International payment services offer the most promising starting points, from a speed, cost and security point of view. Global payments nowadays take days to settle, and settlement delays can happen for a number of reasons, including a country’s inability to handle real-time settlement or more cumbersome regulatory compliance. They also lack transparency and often fail on account of messaging errors.”Since the blockchain is decentralized it’s essentially a global currency. This is going to make entering the global marketplace more convenient and affordable for your small business. And, that could lead to you entering a whole new market before your competitors are there.Disputes are a thing of the past.Despite the fact the blockchain is used to create a digital currency, it actually works more like cash than a credit card since once the transaction is approved by both parties it can’t be contested. Furthermore, you have to authorize and verify the transaction. This will reduce any disputes between you and your customers, which in turn will eliminate chargebacks.How can your business use bitcoin?There are still some kinks to work out with blockchain, such as the fact that it’s not regulated, unstable and not widely embraced, but it’s a promising payment option for small business owners.If you want to start taking advantage of the benefits of the blockchain, you can start by learning the basics and selecting a trusted Bitcoin wallet. In fact, it only take a couple of minutes to set-up a bitcoin wallet. After that you can place a sticker on your site declaring that you accept bitcoin (“Now Accepting Bitcoin!”) as a payment. You can also pay suppliers or freelancers in bitcoin if they accept it.Remember, getting started really isn’t difficult as long as you’re educated and open-minded. So, don’t be afraid or timid when it comes to blockchain. Get out there and start enjoying the opportunities of blockchain for your small business.(By Chalmers Brown) Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 5 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global This story originally appeared on Due April 28, 2017 Register Now »
Vitalik Buterin, co-founder of blockchain platform Ethereum, posted a paper on a new kind of consensus algorithm last week. This algorithm requires only 1% of the nodes to be honest for the network to be secure. This results in 99% fault tolerance, increasing the security greatly. How can Ethereum achieve 99% fault tolerance? The new consensus algorithm introduces a new kind of validator nodes—“independent observer nodes”. These observer nodes observe the chain in real-time to filter any inconsistencies in the network. This original idea was published in 1982 by Turing award winning computer scientist, Leslie Lamport. The new algorithm to be implemented in Ethereum is Vitalik’s attempt to reformulate Leslie’s algorithm in a simplified form. The new algorithm adds one’s own signature as a bump on the timeout of a message. This ability guarantees that an honest node saw the message on time. This can ensure that every other node sees the message on time as well. The definition of on time increments more than the network latency with every added signature. On implementation, the algorithm will render 51% attacks useless. What are the benefits? Ethereum developer, Conrad Barski states that there are several benefits of introducing this new protocol: “Usually, all blockchain consensus[algorithms] care about is what the validators (i.e. miners) of a chain do. Vitalik is proposing that if an independent observer of the network traffic (i.e. just the blockchain client a user is running, not a miner/validator) watches what’s happening in real time and pays attention to when messages appear, they can detect ‘foul play’ by miners performing a 51% attack and this can provide additional safety guarantees that can protect against such an attack. This is somewhat similar to how merchants are already checking for 51% attacks themselves, only Vitalik’s version is more large-scale and complex.” As of now, the Ethereum blockchain works on proof-of-work (PoW). This new protocol is expected to be set in action when Ethereum is shifted to proof-of-stake (PoS). The exact timeline for the PoS switch is not known, it might happen next year. In PoS, the more the number of coins/tokens a user has, the greater is his/her mining capacity. PoS will reduce the Ethereum reward by 80%; 0.6 ETH from the existing 3 ETH per block. With the implementation of this consensus network, Ethereum might become the most secure blockchain network in the public domain. You can read Vitalik’s paper for a detailed explanation of the implementation. Read next Microsoft Azure’s new governance DApp: An enterprise blockchain without mining How to set up an Ethereum development environment [Tutorial] Everything you need to know about Ethereum