Tagged in: Anirudh

Realtors who break rules should face tougher penalty says Ont association

TORONTO — The Ontario Real Estate Association is advocating that fines should be doubled for realtors who break the rules, at a time when agents are collecting big commissions in the province’s inflated housing market.In a white paper published Wednesday, the association proposed that the maximum fines for salespeople who violate a code of ethics under the Real Estate and Business Brokers Act should increase to $50,000. OREA also wants the maximum fine for brokerages doubled to $100,000.It says the average fine per case last year was just $6,000 and that the effectiveness of fines as a deterrent has “eroded” in today’s real estate landscape, where property prices have reached record highs.The current rules were set in 2002, a lifetime ago for Ontario’s real estate market when the average cost of a home in the province was $211,000. Today it’s $619,000 in the province while the average price of a Toronto home has reached $759,000.“For those who willingly break the rules, these fines are ‘the cost of doing business,”‘ the paper said.But it warns that even if fines are higher, penalties may not cover the entire commission earned.“In other words, even under a system of higher fines registrants could still profit from unethical behaviour.”It recommends that the industry regulator, the Real Estate Council of Ontario, be given the ability to force a realtor to repay all of their profits. OREA also wants RECO to be given the power to suspend or revoke licenses.The white paper is part of a push for changes to discourage potential unethical real estate practices in Ontario. The province’s 16-point housing plan introduced in April includes a 15 per cent tax on foreign buyers and expanded rent controls, as well as reviews on how consumers are represented by real estate agents.In June, the province proposed a ban on realtors representing both a buyer and a seller in a transaction. The province said sellers seeking the highest price, and buyers looking for the lowest price have competing interests which makes it challenging for a single agent to represent the best interests of either side.“This divided loyalty and the associated risks may leave some consumers vulnerable even when written consent is obtained and the necessary disclosures … have been made,” the government said in a discussion paper.The ban would not apply in some situations such as sales between family members and markets where there are few agents working.—On the web:The white paper is available at http://www.rebbareform.ca/ read more

Why have there been no prosecutions for female genital mutilation in Ireland

first_imgDESPITE FEMALE GENITAL mutilation being outlawed in Ireland in 2012, there have been no prosecutions to date under the legislation.The gardaí confirmed to TheJournal.ie that no one has been prosecuted yet under the Act.However, this doesn’t seem to be a rarity. Last year, the Home Affairs Committee in the UK discovered that there had been no convictions there either, and FGM was criminalised in the UK 28 years ago.The Criminal Justice (Female Genital Mutilation) Act 2012 makes it a criminal offence for someone resident in Ireland to perform FGM. The maximum penalty under all sections of this new law is a fine or imprisonment for up to 14 years or both.It is also a criminal offence for someone resident in Ireland to take a girl to another country to undergo FGM.It is estimated that 3,780 women in Ireland have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), although it is estimated that the numbers could be much higher. Many of these women would have had it carried out in other countries, though AkiDwA, a minority ethnic-led national network of migrant women living in Ireland, believes that it is still being carried out here. Some of the blunt and dirty tool used to carry out female genital mutilation (FGM) which were surrendered to Afnet, the anti-female genital mutilation network in Dodoma, Tanzania. Source: PA Archive/Press Association ImagesWhy no prosecutions? The difficulty is detection. The only way to know if FGM has been carried out on someone is to have a physical exam and while it has been floated by other countries that perhaps young school girls should be screened, this raises a whole host of legal, privacy and child welfare issues and it would also be an invasion of the privacy of young girls.Salome Mbugua, Director of AkiDwA said that the summer months are a particularly risky time as young girls are often taken out of Ireland back to their home countries to have FGM carried out.This summer, police in the UK stepped up their methods of detecting those at risk of FGM with Border Force child protection squads across the country targeting specific flights in a bid to prevent vulnerable girls being taken out of the country for FGM.The Guardian reports that officers are told to put aside “cultural sensitivities and fears of being branded racist in order to pursue investigations into FGM”.Flights to countries that practise FGM – including Kenya, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Dubai, Egypt and Turkey – are being targeted. Gatwick Airport Source: PA Wire/Press Association ImagesJust last week their efforts paid off when a 72-year-old Ugandan man was arrested in east London under the FGM law. He was stopped at Heathrow airport having arrived that morning on a flight from Kampala, Uganda with an 11-year-old girl.Deterrent Speaking to Senator Ivana Bacik, who first proposed the Bill, said they had not expected there to be any convictions at this stage.She said that research in the UK shows that just having the legislation in place acts as a preventative measure, adding that it is very difficult to get convictions as witnesses, who are often family members, are reluctant to come forward.Bacik said:We were always conscience that there would not be convictions at this stage, but it is still very important that we have the legislation in place. We can’t really value the legislation in convictions.Mbugua said that FGM is usually detected by GPs or doctors in maternity hospitals. “Often the women had FGM carried out on them when they were very young and may not even remember it. Doctors often notice when women present in maternity hospitals when they are having a baby,” she said.AkiDwA states that medical workers have a key role to play with victims of FGM. They said the antenatal period is the optimum time to identify a woman who has undergone FGM.“During this time, counselling by skilled practitioners should take place with the woman and her partner regarding the best management to achieve a safe delivery and prevent future FGM,” they said, adding that a care plan for the type of FGM they have undergone must be put in place.ResowBacik said that the introduction of the law was very important to doctors working in maternity hospitals, stating that she had been told by many doctors that after giving birth, many women who have had FGM carried out on them have asked doctors to “resow” them.Bacik said, “For whatever reason, some women were asking their doctors to do this after they had given birth, whether it be pressure from their families or fear of what their husbands would think,” she said.“This law is very important to the doctors put in the position as they can refuse with the weight of the law behind them, so they can categorically say, no, that is a criminal offence. It removes the pressure placed on doctors by their patients,” she added.Read: More training needed for teachers on female genital mutilation to identify children at risk>Read: Woman arrested at Heathrow Airport for conspiracy to commit female genital mutilation>last_img read more